Hysteroscopic polypectomy is a procedure in which the uterine polyps are surgically removed while keeping the uterine intact. Uterine polyps are benign growths attached to uterine lining. Overgrown endometerium cells lead to uterine polyps. They are also called as endometrial polyps. The polyps formed can range from few millimeters to few centimeters. They generally occur within the uterus, but sometimes may slip into the vagina through the cervix—the lowermost part of the uterus.
Uterine polyps are generally surgically removed with hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopy is a procedure in which the doctor inserts a small, lighted instrument known as the hysteroscope through the patient’s natural orifices. This instrument relays images onto a screen, which helps the doctor to inspect the inner organs of the patient and remove the polyps.
Generally, hysteroscopy is an outpatient procedure, which means in many cases the patient is allowed to leave on the same day. In case of polypectomy too, it maybe a day operation, but in some cases you may be required to stay overnight. It is a relatively short operation and you can start your routine activities within a day or two.
In 10-15% of the cases the polyps may return; but removal of the polyp has great success rate in terms of stopping post menstrual bleeding and bleeding between menstrual cycles. In women who have been diagnosed with infertility and have polyps, polypectomy increases the chance of fertility by 40% to 80%.